Pneumonia Causes Symptoms and Treatment
A lung infection that could be as a result of bacteria, viruses, or fungi could best be described as what is pneumonia and it leads to the inflammation of the alveoli or air sacs situated in the lungs. The alveoli is filled with pus or fluid thus making it hard for the affected person to breathe.
Causes: Causes of pneumonia include viruses, fungi, or bacteria.
Symptoms: The symptoms associated with pneumonia could be mild to life threatening. The extent of pneumonia is normally dependent on the following factors:
- Cause of Inflammation
- General Health
- The Type of Organism Causing the Infection
These symptoms include:
- Nausea and Vomiting
- Cough (You will most likely cough up mucus (sputum) from the lungs. This sputum could be tainted with blood, green, or rusty.
- Feeling short of breath and Fast breathing
- Fast heartbeat
- Feeling very weak or very tired
- Chest pain that increases in momentum most times when you breath in or cough
- Shaking chills
Types: There are five types of pneumonia namely Mycoplasma Pneumonia, Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia (PCP), Bacterial Pneumonia, Tuberculosis, and Viral Pneumonia.
- Mycoplasma Pneumonia – Despite the fact that mycoplasma organisms are neither bacteria nor viruses, they still have similar traits to both. They are regarded as the smallest agent of human diseases. Mycoplasmas usually lead to soft or inferior cases of pneumonia, which occurs in young adults and older children.
- Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia (PCP) – Alongside tuberculosis, this type of pneumonia normally affect individuals with subdued immune system like those suffering from Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia could possibly be one of the maiden signs of illness in those with AIDS.
- Tuberculosis – This type of pneumonia specifically affect persons that have suppressed immune system.
- Bacterial Pneumonia – This pneumonia type can affect anybody irrespective of the age. Bacterial pneumonia has the ability to develop on its own or after flu or a serious cold. Streptococcus pneumoniae is regarded as the most popular cause of bacterial pneumonia. It can be caused by Legionella pneumophila or Chlamydophila pneumophila as well.
- Viral Pneumonia – Respiratory viruses can lead to pneumonia particularly in adults and young children. Pneumonia is normally not too serious and lasts for just a little time. But the flu virus can lead to fatal or severe viral pneumonia thus making it harmful particularly to those with lung or heart issues or pregnant women.
Risk Factors: Anyone can contact pneumonia but there are still some risk factors that could heighten the lung infection. The following are risk factors for pneumonia:
- Drug abuse promotes the risk of pneumonia alongside smoking and excessive intake of alcohol.
- Young children from birth to age two are susceptible to pneumonia infection. Elderly people of age 65 years and above are susceptible as well.
- Some particular health situations such as diabetes, asthma, heart failure, and cystic fibrosis could increase the risk for pneumonia.
- Individuals who have issues swallowing, those that are bedridden, or previously had a stroke are also at the risk of developing pneumonia.
- Individuals with suppressed immune systems are susceptible to pneumonia infection. Persons who use medications that limit the immune system, like steroids and some particular medications for cancer, and individuals with AIDS, Cancer, or HIV.
Treatment: Treatment or medication for pneumonia is dependent on the type of pneumonia, the germ responsible for the infection, and the severity of the pneumonia. Pneumonia medicine includes antibiotics (mainly for bacterial pneumonia) and the use of antiviral medicine (especially for viral pneumonia).